Pond Construction

How to Go About Pond Construction

When it comes to Pond Construction, the first step is to determine the depth of your pond. It should be at least 30cm (1ft) deep, with the sides sloping downwards by at least 20 degrees. Once the depth has been determined, start the digging process. Remove enough soil from around the pond to form a shallow shelf for marginal planting. After digging out the pond’s central area, lay edging stones. Spread these stones evenly around the pond. Then, tuck the liner into place, overlapping it by 15cm (6in) all around.

pond construction

The next step is to prepare the foundation. Make sure that it is solid and reinforced to withstand the weight of the pond. You should also paint the foundation of the pond if you want to prevent it from sinking. A pond is a great way to conserve water, although you will still need to top it off every now and then. While a pond is an ideal feature to keep your plants healthy, you will still need to regularly top it off.

When it comes to hiring a contractor to build your pond, the best way to ensure a successful project is to research various reputable bogus contractors. You can also get in touch with NRCS offices for a list of pond construction contractors. Ask for references from people who have hired a contractor. Then, once you’ve found a contractor you’re comfortable with, it’s time to begin the actual construction of your pond.

In New York State, a Mined Land Reclamation Permit is required for excavating or moving more than 750 cubic yards of soil. Other permits and approvals are also required, depending on the circumstances. You should determine whether your proposed pond site contains a natural resource, or if it involves activities that require a permit. As the owner, you’ll be responsible for communicating with your pond contractor to ensure that he or she understands the project specifications and provides a quality finish.

A reputable pond contractor should have certification by the certifying body for pond equipment manufacturers. This certification recognizes a contractor’s pond-building experience and professionalism and is based on customer satisfaction, proper liability and insurance coverage, and a portfolio of completed projects. You’ll also be able to view a pond contractor’s portfolio. Make sure to ask for a portfolio of projects before hiring them. Look for the ones that have an extensive portfolio.

While local soil and water conservation districts and NRCS representatives may provide input on pond construction plans, it is important to consult with qualified consultants who will be able to create a logical plan for the pond’s siting and design. While the final responsibility for pond construction falls to the pond owner, costs and time for a pond construction project are often highly variable. Earthmoving is the single biggest factor in the cost of a pond, but other costs are often incidental to this.

If you want to create a beautiful pond, you need to ensure the dyke is solid and able to withstand the action of the weather. If you don’t want to build a permanent embankment, you can protect it with bamboo piling. Also, make sure to repair any holes in the dyke with a stiff clay or cementing material. The side slopes of the embankment depending on the type of construction material used.

Once you’ve chosen the area, it’s time to clear the site of any bushes, rocks, or other debris that may interfere with the construction of the pond. You can use machinery or animal power to clear the area. Grass can be planted in the pond area, but make sure you remove all wood from the area before placing the walls. The bottom of the pond needs to be cleared of stumps, roots, and small rocks.

If you want your pond to be deep, you can place it near a stream or drainage. While it’s not as attractive as the first option, groundwater ponds are more accessible than their counterparts. In addition, dugouts are safer from flooding and need less maintenance. Lastly, dugout ponds are strong and compact. And while it’s more difficult to build, the final results will be worth the extra work.

Tree Service

Tree Stump Removal Services

Tree Stump Removal can be done in a variety of ways. Either you can use hand tools or hire a professional to remove the stump. This option is more labor-intensive and takes longer. Natural products can be used to dissolve the stump. A stump can be easily removed using natural products such as vinegar, lemon juice, and sour cream. This option is expensive and requires time and effort.tree

A chainsaw, water, and a bucket are all you need to choose a chemical-removal option. Potassium Nitrate is a common component in stump-removal solutions. However, it is essential to be careful with it. Potassium nitrate is dangerous and should be used with caution. You can protect your property with a plastic tarp. This will prevent the chemical from spreading to other areas.

Grinder is another option for tree stump removal. There are many options for grinders available online and through local arborists. Although grinding is an option, it will take more time than stump removal. Grinder is an option to remove larger pieces of wood and not damage the roots. A grinder is cheaper but can leave stumps in the ground or in the water, which can cause severe damage to your property.

Although you can remove one stump at home, it can become costly if you need to remove many. It is also time-consuming and may be best left to experts who are trained in tree stump removal. What should you do if you find a tree stump in your yard? To do the job, you can hire a stump-removal service. It is important to choose a stump-removal service that offers excellent service and affordable pricing.

Tree stump removal services will grind the stump to remove it. This process is quick and doesn’t require a lot of labor. After the stump is ground, it can then be used to mulch the yard or as a decorative element. There are many options to choose from, whether you need stump grinding or stump removal. These options can be used to reduce the cost of tree stump removal. Each method has its own downside.

You should make sure that the tree stump removal company has properly trained workers. Safety manuals should be carried by all workers. It is also a good idea to put a safety barrier around the stump. This prevents debris getting in the way. These professionals not only prevent debris from getting in the way of operators but also offer safe areas for new construction. When hiring a tree stump removal firm for your next project, make sure you consider both safety and cost-effective alternatives.

Tree stumps are not only unattractive, but they can attract pests and fungi. The wood begins to decay and attracts ants. These ants can spread to other areas in the landscape, as well as your home. Although a tree stump is an unsightly problem on your property, it can also be a costly nuisance. You don’t want the expense of stump removal when you could avoid it.

Chemical methods are fast and effective for removing tree stumps. Chemical rotting uses chemicals to kill trees. This involves drilling a hole in the stump of the tree and then pouring kerosene into it. To burn the stump, you can also use kindling by cutting the wood in crisscrosses. The chemicals ignite the wood deep within the stump. You must then watch out for the stump to disappear above ground.

Tree Service

How to Hire a Reputable Tree Service

Tree service will provide you with an insurance certificate upon completing the job. If a company is uninsured, you could be held responsible for any damages or injuries caused by their employees. A certificate is an official way to check this, so ask for it before accepting any bid. Do not hire a tree service without insurance, as they might be inexperienced or unqualified to do the work. In addition, make sure to read through reviews of the company to see if they have satisfied customers.

Tree trimming should be part of the contract. However, it should be done by a professional who is certified to do this. Some companies advertise having only one certified arborist, but this is not enough. You should choose a company with multiple arborists on staff to know you are getting the best possible quality service. You can also ask for a quote for the work after the work is complete to make sure the company has the necessary insurance.

A good tree service will have every tool required to complete the job. It should be OSHA-certified, have properly maintained trucks, and have the proper protective gear. Ensure the company is fully insured because even a small accident can cause serious injury. You can ask for a written statement of the insurance coverage they carry. Finally, ensure that they are adequately trained to do the job without risking injury or damage. There are many reasons why you should hire a professional tree service.

You should also make sure the company has professional arborists on staff. You don’t want to hire a company that doesn’t have its arborists, as it can cause serious damage to your property. If you have any questions or concerns, it is important to contact a local tree service and get several quotes from different companies. Aside from ensuring that the company is insured, you should also ensure that they have the necessary equipment and training to complete the job properly.

Having a tree service that is insured is a great idea. It will ensure that the company has the right tools and that you are protected against any accidents during the job. If a company is uninsured, you should be very wary. An accident can result in serious harm to you and your property. While a tree service with certified workers is a good choice, make sure that it has an insured crew.

A licensed tree service will not charge you for additional costs not included in the initial estimate. A qualified tree service will also leave your property clean and undamaged after completing the work. A certified arborist will have an insurance policy to protect your property. If the company doesn’t have a license, they won’t give you a quote. If you’re worried about liability, you can call the Better Business Bureau to find out.

The TCIA is an industry association that certifies tree care companies. They are a public, professional organization with over 2,000 member companies and more than 2,500 members. TCIA-certified tree service companies have a rigorous accreditation program. Their staff is trained to follow the standards and provide the highest level of customer satisfaction. A certified arborist will ensure that the safety of your home is not compromised. In addition, a certified arborist will ensure that the team provides a quality service.

A seasoned tree service company should hire a certified arborist. An insured company will have the proper equipment and tools for the job. Never hire an uninsured company, which can lead to injuries and damage. In addition, it’s important to find a licensed company that is insured for your safety. A licensed arborist is an indispensable part of a professional company. If you don’t see an insurer’s insurance certificate on the website, contact the apex branch of your local BBB to check.

A certified arborist can safely assess trees on your property. Consult a certified arborist before hiring a tree service if you have any questions or concerns. A professional tree care service will provide an insurance certificate and a certificate. A certification is a sign of a reliable and experienced company. It means that the professional has knowledge and experience in caring for trees. It would help if you never were afraid to ask for an expert’s opinion.

roof repair
Roofing Services

How to Repair a Gutter

The most basic Gutter Repair is to check the downspout connections and connect them to the house. This simple process can be performed with a few tools and a few minutes. If you notice a loose downspout, you can replace the connecting bracket by drilling new holes. Then, you can replace the wall plug and reattach screws or nails. If you are replacing a wood downspout, you can use 1/4,” or 6.5mm galvanized screws to fix it.

roof repair

In addition, you can add a rope to the bottom of the downspout to keep it from falling. You’ll find these inexpensive supplies at a home improvement store. Of course, a rope made from natural fibers will not work for a dripping downspout, but it will do the trick for now. If you find that the rope isn’t holding the downspout securely, you can replace it with one made from stainless steel.
If the downspout is dripping, you can easily fix the problem by adding a rope between the downspout and the wall. This will prevent the water from flowing down the side of your house and may lead to the rotting of fascia boards. If you find that your downspout is loose, try replacing the wall plug by using 1/4,” or 6.5mm galvanized screws. This solution isn’t permanent, but it’s worth a try.

While most gutter repairs aren’t major and will require a professional to make, there are times when gutters may need repair work. For example, if yours are not sagging properly or leak, you may need to replace the gutters entirely. You can also adjust the slope of your gutter by bending its hangers. Contact a contractor to repair the fascia board if this is the case. They will also know what steps to take if the fascia board is damaged.
The best way to fix a loose downspout is to replace it. If the downspout is clinging to the wall, you’ll need to replace the bracket. Be sure to drill new pilot holes before reattaching the wall plug. In addition, you’ll need to repair the nails or screws. You may need to hire a professional for this task. It’s important to follow all instructions to avoid unnecessary damage.
A loose downspout can be fixed with a simple rope. The rope will act as a ramp for water to exit the downspout and avoid damage to the wall. If the downspout is not fixed, you can replace the connecting bracket with a new one. You can then replace the nail or screw that holds the downspout to the wall. In addition to this, you’ll need to seal all seams and joints of your gutter with a good seam sealer.
A loose downspout isn’t the end of the world when it comes to guttering. If the water isn’t flowing down the downspout, you can replace it with a new downspout or connecting bracket. Be sure to drill new pilot holes if necessary, and be sure to remove any debris. A broken downspout can be a source of major damage.
A loose downspout is not the end of the world for your guttering. You can fix it yourself by replacing the connecting bracket, inserting new nails, and replacing the wall plug. When it’s all done, you can reattach the nails or screws, which will be the easiest repair part. In addition, a professional gutter seam sealer will prevent leaks and prevent your home from being damaged by water. In some cases, the entire gutter might need to be replaced.
A loose downspout is not the end of the world for your guttering. First, replace the connecting bracket, drill new pilot holes, and reattach the screws and nails. Then, if the downspout is leaking from the bottom, you can fix it yourself with a replacement downspout. You should also consider replacing the downspout with a new one if it has a weakened seal.
Before hiring a professional, make sure you understand the type of gutter repair you need. Some gutter repair services may offer several different options, and they will assess your situation to determine which one is the best option. In some cases, the cost of gutter repair will depend on the type of gutter you have and the extent of the work needed. For example, if your gutters are leaking water, you should hire a company that can perform the work for you.

Junk Removal

Three Things To Keep In Mind When Renting Dumpsters

Junk removal is an organization that involves the removal and collection of unwanted objects. The price will differ depending on the different items being removed and the junk removal company you choose. There are many factors involved when it comes to selecting the right company. You will need first to identify where the junk is coming from before hiring the company to remove it. This can be done by requesting a quote from several companies.junk removal

Some companies will provide a free quote, while others may require an upfront fee. Companies that charge a fee are usually very reliable and trustworthy. Make sure you read all the terms and conditions associated with the service. Junk removal companies are often able to recycle unwanted things or items that are reusable.

Some people do not feel comfortable with junk removal companies. They may think they are just a waste of time and money and that they would do better to just dispose of the item themselves. However, there are many companies in each area that will haul away whatever it is you have in your garage or home that you do not want to sit around. The service charges are very affordable.

A good thing to think about is the environment. When junk removal companies bring something back to your house, they recycle it. This helps to reduce the amount of garbage that ends up in landfills. Landfills can fill up over time, and this causes pollution and can put people in danger of cancer and other health problems. Try to avoid throwing things in your landfills as much as possible.

Another option is renting a dumpster. You can either rent a large one or a smaller one. Many homeowners rent the larger dumpsters for big projects such as home improvements and remodeling. There are also many smaller ones that homeowners rent so they can do home projects around their yard. Homeowners who are thinking of getting a dumpster online should consider all of the options they have when it comes to renting.

When you decide to get a dumpster for hire, you can go online and find the right one for you. There are many websites that will help you compare prices between different dumpster rental services. Renting online is easy, and you can even have it shipped directly to your home. There are many different companies out there that will help you with junk removal and renting a dumpster is probably the best way to go. There is no need to stand in line and deal with rude people when you rent one, and all you have to do is fill it up and get rid of it.

Whether you are getting a dumpster rental for home projects or any other reason, you want to make sure that you are completely informed before renting one. This will ensure that you are happy with it and don’t end up regretting it later. You should always ask questions and get as much information as possible about it before signing any contracts or making any kind of payments. This is an important step for ensuring that you get what you want when you rent a dumpster, and you will feel more comfortable if you are fully aware of what you are paying for.

Make sure that you know exactly how much extra fees you will be paying each month before you sign anything. Some dumpster rentals charge a hefty fee for extra fees such as junk removal and trash removal, so make sure you know this before you rent. Find out how often you will have to schedule the trash pickup as well as when your garbage will be picked up. Some dumpsters are only delivered on a specific day of the week, and you don’t want to have to worry about another appointment for trash pickup. If you know this ahead of time, you will be able to plan ahead and make sure that you don’t have to waste any time or money by having to wait for the trash to be picked up on a particular date.

Tree Removal
Tree Service

The Stump Grinding Processes

If you have a tree stump, the Stump Grinding process is the perfect solution. The grinder will grind the tree down to a small chunk and then haul it away for disposal. The chips can also be mulch or placed under your new grass or tree. In addition, the wood chip residue can be removed and placed in green waste. This way, you won’t have to worry about putting out extra mulch or cleaning up a mess that may occur after the procedure.

Tree Removal

The grinding process will leave sawdust, but the contractor will take it to compost and use it as mulch. It would help if you asked about this when hiring a stump removal company. While you’re waiting for the stump grinder to come and get to work, consider the potential health hazards that this sawdust could present. If you can, ask your contractor to dispose of this sawdust. Fresh shavings can be an ideal home for termites, and you can use them to fill in the hole.
Stump grinding will not damage your yard. If you’d rather not risk the risk of a fire or destroying your landscaped garden, consider the chemical route. By drilling into the tree, chemicals can be added to kill the roots and kill the tree. This process won’t harm the surrounding soil or destroy the landscaping. This is the safest way to get rid of a tree stump, and it’s an environmentally friendly way to remove your stump.
A professional stump grinding service will be able to remove a tree stump much faster than you can. After grinding the stump, wood chips will be added to the area to fill in the hole. The ground will be leveled and the wood chips will prevent further growth. The process is also one of the most eco-friendly ways to remove a tree stump. There’s no need to poison the soil or destroy your landscaped garden.
If you’re planning to have your tree stump removed, it’s a good idea to hire a professional stump grinding company. They’ll be able to remove the stump quickly and safely. In most cases, a stump grinding service will have the ability to grind a tree stump faster than you could. Moreover, they’ll fill the hole with wood chips after the process is complete. Unlike other types of tree stump removal, the stud grinding process won’t poison the soil and destroy landscaped gardens.
Stump grinding is a simple process, and it’s an effective way to remove a tree stump. The stump grinding process can be as low as four inches below the ground. This makes it a fast and easy way to remove a tree stump. Besides, a professional tree service will not destroy your landscaped garden, as it’s much easier for them to remove larger trees with spread-out roots. But before the stump grinding process is completed, you’ll need to prepare for some risks. If you’re not a professional, you’ll want to get yourself covered with adequate insurance.
The process is an effective way to remove a tree stump and remove it completely from a property. A professional service will be able to remove a tree stump much faster than you can. Besides, the stump grinding process is also an environmentally-friendly way to remove a tree stump. It does not poison the soil or destroy landscaped gardens. They also don’t poison the soil. If you’re worried about safety, it’s best to hire a professional.
A professional tree service will have to grind down the stump to four to six inches below the ground. However, the process can be messy and can cause problems after the process. There will be a lot of debris in the area, and the process can lead to post-grinding problems. If you’re unsure, call a professional tree service provider. A professional will be able to guide you through the entire process and eliminate any potential problems.
If you don’t have the time or expertise to grind your own stump, it’s best to hire a professional to do it for you. Stump grinding companies are more efficient and cost-effective than you can, and they don’t poison the soil. Aside from being environmentally friendly, they won’t destroy landscaped gardens or disturb landscaped areas. If you need to remove a tree stump, hire a professional.

Affiliate Marketing

Can Affiliate Marketing Be A Career?

Although most affiliates work alone, networking online with other affiliates can help you learn the ins and outs of the industry. Ideally, you will network with other advertisers as this will help you find the best products to promote and give you in-depth product information. Similarly, it would help to build relationships with these advertisers by building a relationship with your affiliate network. This will help you establish a relationship with the advertisers and improve your business.Can Affiliate Marketing Be A Career

In addition to choosing a niche that you’re passionate about, you should be able to answer consumer questions. Many consumers buy products online, and affiliate marketers can answer their questions online. It’s a great way to earn a living from home and work in your pajamas. This career is a good choice for those who like to travel and answer questions online. There are so many affiliate marketing opportunities that you’ll never run out of topics to write about! Visit scamrisk.com to learn more!

Aside from making money from your website, affiliate marketing also allows you to earn from home while you sleep. All you need is a small initial investment, and you’ll be able to reap the rewards over time. You’ll be dealing with consumers all day and night, and you’ll have a constant flow of income. You’ll also have a rewarding experience interacting with other affiliates. In addition to creating content, you’ll also be able to collect feedback from your consumers and create your own content for them.

Can Affiliate Marketing Be A Career? – While there are many advantages to being an affiliate, it requires a significant investment of time. In the long run, you’ll see consistent returns for your time. It’s easy to work for little or no money, but you’ll have to get accustomed to dealing with consumers. A career in affiliate marketing is ideal for those who would like to make a steady stream of income.

Affiliate marketing has several benefits. It can guide potential customers to a website, which can lead to a boost in sales. In addition, it can help establish a brand name, which can lead to repeat purchases. Additionally, it’s a great way to make money at home. If you have the time, affiliate marketing is an excellent option. The best part? You’re able to work from home in your pajamas and not have to go out.

One of the most popular methods of making money with affiliate marketing is by posting links on social media and emailing consumers. Creating content for an affiliate’s website is relatively straightforward. All you have to do is write posts or emails promoting the product. This will ensure that your affiliate links are seen by consumers. By ensuring that your link is visible and well-understood, you’ll see a steady flow of cash coming in.

Affiliate marketing is a great way to make money. It’s a relatively new concept, but the popularity of online shopping and various industries has made it an attractive option for affiliates. By offering links to other websites, affiliates can promote their own products and earn a commission from every sale. The average open rate of emails is over 17%, so it’s a great way to earn money with affiliate marketing.

As an affiliate marketer, you can earn money while you sleep. While affiliate marketing is a lucrative career opportunity, there are several steps you need to take to succeed. First, you must find a niche. You need to focus on a particular area. For example, if you are passionate about makeup, you could choose a niche that contains the words “beautiful”.

You must be confident about your abilities and your passion for the product you’re promoting. Your audience is what drives your success. If you can answer these questions with confidence, you’ll succeed in affiliate marketing. The internet is a huge marketplace and is full of opportunities for anyone who’s interested. You will never run out of topics to blog about. The key is to be persistent and stay focused. The more you learn about it, the more you will earn.

Tree Service

Holly Plant: A Holiday Favorite that Shines in Winter

Holly is commonly seen during the holiday season. Even carols tell us to ‘Deck the halls with boughs of holly.’ The plant’s green leaves and red berries (though some cultivars do have berries with other colors) are a festive pop of color in interior décor. In the outdoor landscape, they are a bright and welcome sight on cold and gray winter days.

There are around 400 species in the holly (Ilex) genus including trees, shrubs and climbers. American holly is the one we most often associate with the holidays. While holly are generally slow-growing, some species are capable of obtaining heights of 80 feet or more!

Holly Characteristics

All parts of the plant, including the berries, are toxic to humans if consumed. However, they are an important food source for birds. The dense foliage is also a great hiding place from predators! In native areas, birds help the plant survive by dispersing seeds. Unfortunately, this can be a problem in non-native geographies. For example, along the west coast of North America, from California to British Columbia, holly has been spreading rapidly and crowding out forest species.

Holly plants are separately male and female. Males produce flowers, but no fruit. The familiar red fruits are on female plants. For the female to bear fruit, a male must be planted nearby. The fruits ripen in winter. They provide a nice color contrast to the glossy evergreen leaves.

Holly often grows as a shrub or in hedges. In open conditions, it can also form a small tree after growing for many years.

Growing and Caring for Holly

These plants thrive in full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil.

Hollies are susceptible to various leaf spot diseases. Infection results in leaf discoloration and eventual defoliation. Management of these disease is achievable as long as they are identified and treated in a timely manner. Root rot is another disease issue that is common. The best course of action is to maintain healthy soil conditions so that roots can continue to grow and thrive.

Some insect pests attack holly. A Certified Arborist can identify and treat infestations of aphids, scale, mites or holly leaf miner.

Overall, this is a great plant in its native range that brings color and beauty to a winter landscape.

The post Holly Plant: A Holiday Favorite that Shines in Winter first appeared on Tree Topics.

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Tree Advice

Watch Out for Winter Tree & Shrub Problems

Imagine staying outside all of the time, even during winter. Exposed to severe weather, you’d face many problems. Even though trees live and grow outside, that doesn’t mean that the challenges of winter aren’t stressful for them too! Low temperatures, heavy snow, ice storms and other extremes cause a variety of winter injuries on landscape plants. It’s important to know what type of problems to look for during winter.

Low Temperature Injuries

Root damage can happen during prolonged cold spells, especially on shallow-rooted plants, container plantings and non-native plants. When roots die during this weather, the symptoms won’t appear until late winter or spring. At that point, foliage turns brown, buds die and the entire crown may wilt and die suddenly.

Low temperatures can also kill above-ground portions of plants. Again, non-native plants are most susceptible.  

Winter Drying   

Winter drying generally affects evergreens, particularly mountain laurel, rhododendron, azalea and holly. Plants continue to transpire water during winter. When the soil is frozen, that water cannot be replaced and the foliage dries out. As with injury from low temperatures, in late winter or spring, foliage will turn brown and buds will die.

Stem Splitting or “Frost Cracks”

Frost cracks generally occur on young, thin-barked trees like maple, sycamore or linden. The sudden drop in temperature from sunny, daytime highs to the very lows of nighttime causes stem tissues to shrink and wood to crack.

In severe instances, cracks can extend well into the heartwood, but usually, it is restricted to the outer few inches of wood. Frost cracks can be an entry point for decay on certain species.

Breakage from Snow and Ice Accumulation

The added weight of ice and snow can break branches. Heavy or long limbs, branches showing signs of decay, or those with a weak branch attachment are more vulnerable. This can also be an issue for evergreens, which have a large surface area to “hold” snow.

Deicing Salt Injuries

The salt (sodium chloride) commonly used as a deicing agent can splash onto plants or seep into soil. Salt spray dries out foliage and buds. In the soil, high levels of salt dries out, and can kill, plant roots.

Damage from Animals

Some animal activity during winter is harmful to trees and shrubs. Deer are one example. As other food sources become unavailable, deer turn to twigs and buds for sustenance. Further, deer injure trees by scraping their antlers against the trunk. This is called “buck rub.”

Small rodents and rabbits can also be problematic. These animals eat bark tissue around the lower stem and root collar during winter. This can result in tree death when feeding leads to girdling, where the bark is completely stripped from the tree.

salt injury
Deicing salts can kill plant roots and dry out foliage.
animal damage
Small rodents and rabbits feed on bark when other food sources are sparse.
low temperature injury
Low temperatures can damage roots or the above-ground portion of plants.
winter drying
Browning foliage resulting from winter drying.
breakage in tree crown
Breakage from winter weather is readily apparent once the leaves have returned.

The post Watch Out for Winter Tree & Shrub Problems first appeared on Tree Topics.

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Tree Advice

Fight Fire Blight with Pruning & Treatments

While tree diseases often thrive in spring, it is important to remember that proper care year-round can make a big difference in managing these issues. Some simple practices now can help combat disease. One good example is autumn and winter care to help control fire blight. Caused by the bacterium Erwinia amylovora, fireblight commonly infects pear, apple, hawthorn and quince.

The scorched leaves and “shepherd’s crook” that are telltale signs of fire blight.

Symptoms of Fire Blight

The disease gets the name “fire” blight because severely infected plants will have blackened or dark brown branches and foliage. Plant tissue can look as if it has been scorched or burned. The affected branches also often form a shepherd’s crook at the tip.

How Fire blight Spreads

Bees and wind-driven rain spread new infections during spring. These infections progress into the twigs and toward the main trunk. Once infected, cankers on trunks and branches can persist, where they serve as a source for future infections. Left untreated, cankers can completely girdle the cambium tissue. The result is the death of large branches or entire trees. The bacterium is active during the moist and humid weather of spring. After spring, the bacterium is normally dormant. However, symptoms in infected tissue can continue to worsen during this time.

ction to Combat Fire Blight

Management of fire blight requires sanitation and prevention. Pruning infected tissue should be performed when the bacterium is dormant and spread of disease has ceased. Please note that on highly susceptible trees and rapidly advancing infections, pruning below the branch cankers should be performed immediately to reduce severity – even when the disease is active.

Any leaves that have fallen from infected trees should be bagged and removed to help minimize re-infection.

Preventive treatments can also help protect healthy tissues from new infections. It is rare to get complete control over any plant disease but limiting infections through sanitation and prevention will limit dieback and avoid major infections that often lead to plant disfigurement or mortality. 

The post Fight Fire Blight with Pruning & Treatments first appeared on Tree Topics.